Region: South Asia
Value: USD 1,006,721
Start Date: 2017-12-18
End Date: 2019-03-30
In background of increased focus on addressing gender issues and relevant goals in SDGs, GoPb developed Punjab Growth Strategy, 2018. To achieve desired development results, it was essential to identify the factors holding back women from economic opportunities, to establish the skill deficit that prevents optimal participation and returns for them, and have accessible and reliable data available, especially regarding the multitude of socio-economic and cultural factors that impact women throughout their lives. To obtain such data, Punjab Commission for Status of Women (PCSW) with technical support of BOS and other stakeholders designed a bunch of four surveys on Women’s Economic and Social Wellbeing (WESW) in the Punjab. These includes (i) baseline survey with 32,900 women, (ii) survey with 1,645 women with disabilities, (iii) survey with 2,488 women from minority groups, (iv) male perception survey. Through an open tender, APEX was selected to carry out these surveys.
The surveys with women, men and disabled women were conducted in selected 1,645 clusters (1,133 from rural and 359 from urban areas) in Punjab. These clusters were selected by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) using Population Proportion to Size method of selection. Using the provided maps, APEX conducted a listing exercise in these 1,645 clusters. APEX developed a web based listing application using the CSPro package. Trained listers were provided tabled computers to conduct the listing. We prepared fresh lists of HHs have at least one woman (15-64 years), men (15-64 years) and one disabled woman (15-64 years). Using the fresh listing information, 20 HH of women, four HHs of male and one HH of disabled women were selected systematically with a random start from each cluster. The survey with women from minority groups was to be conducted as per provided detail of 622 pockets/areas in Punjab. PCSW prepared two separate questionnaires – one for women respondents and other for male respondents. These questionnaires were translated by the APEX in Urdu language. APEX developed two web based applications using CSPro package to administer questionnaires through tablets computers. For the understanding of field staff, we also developed questionnaire’s manual including question by question instruction and field guides both in English as well as in Urdu.
After survey preparation, APEX organized 18 days training of trainers (36) who were expected to further train the field staff. Similarly, for more than 400 field staff APEX organized training through different 12 sessions at three locations – Islamabad, Multan, and Lahore. The field work was supervised and monitored by APEX’s survey management and staff of BOS and PCSW through physical visit as well as via field check tables and a dashboard developed for these surveys. Data processing and analysis (weighted and unweighted) was carried out through Strata software. The final report for all surveys along with findings around agreed key indicators was also produced by the APEX. The objective indicators of the study based on married women maternal mortality, reproductive age, coverage of essential health services, mortality rate, and women harassment issues at work places.