International Organization for Migration (IOM)


Region: South Asia

Country: Pakistan

Value: USD 18,991

Start Date: 2020-03-02

End Date: 2020-04-30


Team Members

Hammad Rehman
(Assignment Manager)
Munib Baig
(Assignment Coordinator)
Omar Abbasi
(Team Leader)
Nasir Ali
(Graphic Designer)
Waqas Ashfaque
(Data Processor & Analyst)
Ishrat Fatima
(Field Coordinator)

Project Description

The survey is conducted to provide the data on the circular migration flows currently occurring in Pakistan in order to increase the understanding of factors (push/pull) influencing Afghan nationals to return to Pakistan after initial reintegration in Afghanistan.

The context of Afghan migrants in Pakistan is multi-faceted and complex. 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees live in Pakistan - one of the world's largest protracted refugee populations. In addition, 0.84 million Afghan citizen cardholders and an estimated 0.5 million entirely undocumented Afghans remained in Pakistan in 2019. The government of Pakistan is pleased to extend the validity in respect of the Tripartite Agreement, Proof of Registration (POR) cards till June 30, 2020. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) defines registered Afghans as those who have valid Proof of Registration (POR) cards issued by the Pakistani government that allows them temporary legal stay.

Services provided by APEX

APEX Consulting Pakistan conducted a desk review followed by 137 in-person interviews with returnees in the communities in KP and Baluchistan to achieve the objectives. Specific objectives of the survey are to identify push and pull factors behind decisions to return to Pakistan and provide information on this migration flow in terms of the number of individuals returning to Pakistan, demographics of individuals returning to Pakistan, reasons for the initial migrations, and reasons for return to Pakistan.

Every effort was made to ensure that respondents constituted a representative sample of the Afghan migrant population in Pakistan. The sample size was 137, with respondents selected through a comprehensive scoping exercise to determine which localities to be surveyed.

Sex disaggregated data remained a priority for the survey, which target both men and women as respondents. In line with ethical standards and data confidentiality principles, the survey was guided by respect for the respondent's right to privacy. All participants were made aware of the objectives of the survey and consented to their data being used anonymously for research purposes.

For primary data collection, a quantitative questionnaire is designed for Afghans (Male and Females) in the communities in the areas of KP and Baluchistan. The questionnaire was organized to take into account the chronology and direction of migration for each respondent.